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LaTeX Project Public License, Version 1.3c

Submitted by Guy Vigneault on

Version 1.3c

Submitted: September 8, 2009

Submitter: Will Robertson

Approved: November 11, 2009 

Board minutes 

SPDX short identifier: LPPL-1.3c 

Copyright 1999 2002-2008 LaTeX3 Project

Everyone is allowed to distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but modification of it is not allowed.


The LaTeX Project Public License (LPPL) is the primary license under
which the LaTeX kernel and the base LaTeX packages are

You may use this license for any work of which you hold the copyright
and which you wish to distribute. This license may be particularly
suitable if your work is TeX-related (such as a LaTeX package), but
it is written in such a way that you can use it even if your work is
unrelated to TeX.

below, gives instructions, examples, and recommendations for authors
who are considering distributing their works under this license.

This license gives conditions under which a work may be distributed
and modified, as well as conditions under which modified versions of
that work may be distributed.

We, the LaTeX3 Project, believe that the conditions below give you the
freedom to make and distribute modified versions of your work that
conform with whatever technical specifications you wish while
maintaining the availability, integrity, and reliability of that
work. If you do not see how to achieve your goal while meeting these
conditions, then read the document `cfgguide.tex’ and `modguide.tex’
in the base LaTeX distribution for suggestions.


In this license document the following terms are used:


Any work being distributed under this License.

`Derived Work’

Any work that under any applicable law is derived from the


Any procedure that produces a Derived Work under any applicable
law — for example, the production of a file containing an
original file associated with the Work or a significant portion of
such a file, either verbatim or with modifications and/or translated
into another language.


To apply any procedure that produces a Derived Work under any
applicable law.


Making copies of the Work available from one person to another, in
whole or in part. Distribution includes (but is not limited to)
making any electronic components of the Work accessible by file
transfer protocols such as FTP or HTTP or by shared file systems
such as Sun’s Network File System (NFS).

`Compiled Work’

A version of the Work that has been processed into a form where it
is directly usable on a computer system. This processing may include
using installation facilities provided by the Work, transformations
of the Work, copying of components of the Work, or other
activities. Note that modification of any installation facilities
provided by the Work constitutes modification of the Work.

`Current Maintainer’

A person or persons nominated as such within the Work. If there is
no such explicit nomination then it is the `Copyright Holder’ under
any applicable law.

`Base Interpreter’

A program or process that is normally needed for running or
interpreting a part or the whole of the Work.A Base Interpreter may
depend on external components but these are not considered part of
the Base Interpreter provided that each external component clearly
identifies itself whenever it is used interactively. Unless
explicitly specified when applying the license to the Work, the only
applicable Base Interpreter is a
`LaTeX-Format’ or in the case of files belonging to the
`LaTeX-format’ a program implementing the `TeX language’.


  1. Activities other than distribution and/or modification of the Work
    are not covered by this license; they are outside its scope. In
    particular, the act of running the Work is not restricted and no
    requirements are made concerning any offers of support for the
  2. You may distribute a complete, unmodified copy of the Work as you
    received it. Distribution of only part of the Work is considered
    modification of the Work, and no right to distribute such a Derived
    Work may be assumed under the terms of this clause.
  3. You may distribute a Compiled Work that has been generated from a
    complete, unmodified copy of the Work as distributed under Clause 2
    above, as long as that Compiled Work is distributed in such a way
    that the recipients may install the Compiled Work on their system
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    Work directly from the Work.
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    restriction, modify the Work, thus creating a Derived Work. You may
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  6. If you are not the Current Maintainer of the Work, you may
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    in the copyright notice that it is exempt from that condition. Only
    the Current Maintainer is allowed to add such statements of
    exemption to a component of the Work.


    1. If a component of this Derived Work can be a direct replacement
      for a component of the Work when that component is used with the
      Base Interpreter, then, wherever this component of the Work
      identifies itself to the user when used interactively with that
      Base Interpreter, the replacement component of this Derived Work
      clearly and unambiguously identifies itself as a modified version
      of this component to the user when used interactively with that
      Base Interpreter.
    2. Every component of the Derived Work contains prominent notices
      detailing the nature of the changes to that component, or a
      prominent reference to another file that is distributed as part of
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      including (but not limited to) the authors of the original version
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      the reporting and handling of errors, to recipients of the Derived
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      provide such support for the Derived Work.
    4. You distribute at least one of the following with the Derived Work:
      1. A complete, unmodified copy of the Work; if your distribution
        of a modified component is made by offering access to copy the
        modified component from a designated place, then offering
        equivalent access to copy the Work from the same or some similar
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        compelled to copy the Work along with the modified
      2. Information that is sufficient to obtain a complete,
        unmodified copy of the Work.
  7. If you are not the Current Maintainer of the Work, you may
    distribute a Compiled Work generated from a Derived Work, as long as
    the Derived Work is distributed to all recipients of the Compiled
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    with regard to the Derived Work.
  8. The conditions above are not intended to prohibit, and hence do
    not apply to, the modification, by any method, of any component so
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    Clause 4, above.
  9. Distribution of the Work or any Derived Work in an alternative
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    then produced by applying some process to that format, does not
    relax or nullify any sections of this license as they pertain to the
    results of applying that process.
    1. A Derived Work may be distributed under a different license
      provided that license itself honors the conditions listed in
      Clause 6 above, in regard to the Work, though it does not
      have to honor the rest of the conditions in this license.
    2. If a Derived Work is distributed under a different license, that
      Derived Work must provide sufficient documentation as part of
      itself to allow each recipient of that Derived Work to honor the
      restrictions in Clause 6 above, concerning changes from the
  11. This license places no restrictions on works that are unrelated to
    the Work, nor does this license place any restrictions on
    aggregating such works with the Work by any means.
  12. Nothing in this license is intended to, or may be used to, prevent
    complete compliance by all parties with all applicable laws.


There is no warranty for the Work. Except when otherwise stated in
writing, the Copyright Holder provides the Work `as is’, without
warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied, including, but not
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you assume the cost of all necessary servicing, repair, or correction.

In no event unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing
will The Copyright Holder, or
any author named in the components of the Work, or any other party who
may distribute and/or modify the Work as permitted above, be liable to
you for damages, including any general, special, incidental or
consequential damages arising out of any use of the Work or out of
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data, data being rendered inaccurate, or losses sustained by anyone as
a result of any failure of the Work to operate with any other
programs), even if the Copyright Holder or said author or said other
party has been advised of the possibility of such damages.


The Work has the status `author-maintained’ if the Copyright Holder
explicitly and prominently states near the primary copyright notice in
the Work that the Work can only be maintained by the Copyright Holder
or simply that it is `author-maintained’.

The Work has the status `maintained’ if there is a Current Maintainer
who has indicated in the Work that they are willing to receive error
reports for the Work (for example, by supplying a valid e-mail
address). It is not required for the Current Maintainer to acknowledge
or act upon these error reports.

The Work changes from status `maintained’ to `unmaintained’ if there
is no Current Maintainer, or the person stated to be Current
Maintainer of the work cannot be reached through the indicated means
of communication for a period of six months, and there are no other
significant signs of active maintenance.

You can become the Current Maintainer of the Work by agreement with
any existing Current Maintainer to take over this role.

If the Work is unmaintained, you can become the Current Maintainer of
the Work through the following steps:

  1. Make a reasonable attempt to trace the Current Maintainer (and the
    Copyright Holder, if the two differ) through the means of an
    Internet or similar search.
  2. If this search is successful, then enquire whether the Work is
    still maintained.


    1. If it is being maintained, then ask the Current Maintainer to
      update their communication data within one month.
    2. If the search is unsuccessful or no action to resume active
      maintenance is taken by the Current Maintainer, then announce
      within the pertinent community your intention to take over
      maintenance. (If the Work is a LaTeX work, this could be done, for
      example, by posting to comp.text.tex.)
    1. If the Current Maintainer is reachable and agrees to pass
      maintenance of the Work to you, then this takes effect immediately
      upon announcement.
    2. If the Current Maintainer is not reachable and the Copyright
      Holder agrees that maintenance of the Work be passed to you, then
      this takes effect immediately upon announcement.
  4. If you make an `intention announcement’ as described in 2b. above
    and after three months your intention is challenged neither by the
    Current Maintainer nor by the Copyright Holder nor by other people,
    then you may arrange for the Work to be changed so as to name you as
    the (new) Current Maintainer.
  5. If the previously unreachable Current Maintainer becomes reachable
    once more within three months of a change completed under the terms
    of 3b) or 4), then that Current Maintainer must become or remain the
    Current Maintainer upon request provided they then update their
    communication data within one month.

A change in the Current Maintainer does not, of itself, alter the fact
that the Work is distributed under the LPPL license.

If you become the Current Maintainer of the Work, you should
immediately provide, within the Work, a prominent and unambiguous
statement of your status as Current Maintainer. You should also
announce your new status to the same pertinent community as in 2b)


This section contains important instructions, examples, and
recommendations for authors who are considering distributing their
works under this license. These authors are addressed as `you’ in this

Choosing This License or Another License

If for any part of your work you want or need to use *distribution*
conditions that differ significantly from those in this license, then
do not refer to this license anywhere in your work but, instead,
distribute your work under a different license. You may use the text
of this license as a model for your own license, but your license
should not refer to the LPPL or otherwise give the impression that
your work is distributed under the LPPL.

The document `modguide.tex’ in the base LaTeX distribution explains
the motivation behind the conditions of this license. It explains, for
example, why distributing LaTeX under the GNU General Public License
(GPL) was considered inappropriate. Even if your work is unrelated to
LaTeX, the discussion in `modguide.tex’ may still be relevant, and
authors intending to distribute their works under any license are
encouraged to read it.

A Recommendation on Modification Without Distribution

It is wise never to modify a component of the Work, even for your own
personal use, without also meeting the above conditions for
distributing the modified component. While you might intend that such
modifications will never be distributed, often this will happen by
accident — you may forget that you have modified that component;
or it may not occur to you when allowing others to access the modified
version that you are thus distributing it and violating the conditions
of this license in ways that could have legal implications and, worse,
cause problems for the community. It is therefore usually in your best
interest to keep your copy of the Work identical with the public
one. Many works provide ways to control the behavior of that work
without altering any of its licensed components.

How to Use This License

To use this license, place in each of the components of your work both
an explicit copyright notice including your name and the year the work
was authored and/or last substantially modified. Include also a
statement that the distribution and/or modification of that component
is constrained by the conditions in this license.

Here is an example of such a notice and statement:

  %% pig.dtx
  %% Copyright 2005 M. Y. Name
  % This work may be distributed and/or modified under the
  % conditions of the LaTeX Project Public License, either version 1.3
  % of this license or (at your option) any later version.
  % The latest version of this license is in
  % and version 1.3 or later is part of all distributions of LaTeX
  % version 2005/12/01 or later.
  % This work has the LPPL maintenance status `maintained'.
  % The Current Maintainer of this work is M. Y. Name.
  % This work consists of the files pig.dtx and pig.ins
  % and the derived file pig.sty.

Given such a notice and statement in a file, the conditions given in
this license document would apply, with the `Work’ referring to the
three files `pig.dtx’, `pig.ins’, and `pig.sty’ (the last being
generated from `pig.dtx’ using `pig.ins’), the `Base Interpreter’
referring to any `LaTeX-Format’, and both `Copyright Holder’ and
`Current Maintainer’ referring to the person `M. Y. Name’.

If you do not want the Maintenance section of LPPL to apply to your
Work, change `maintained’ above into `author-maintained’. However, we
recommend that you use `maintained’, as the Maintenance section was
added in order to ensure that your Work remains useful to the
community even when you can no longer maintain and support it

Derived Works That Are Not Replacements

Several clauses of the LPPL specify means to provide reliability and
stability for the user community. They therefore concern themselves
with the case that a Derived Work is intended to be used as a
(compatible or incompatible) replacement of the original Work. If
this is not the case (e.g., if a few lines of code are reused for a
completely different task), then clauses 6b and 6d shall not apply.

Important Recommendations

Defining What Constitutes the Work

The LPPL requires that distributions of the Work contain all the files
of the Work. It is therefore important that you provide a way for the
licensee to determine which files constitute the Work. This could, for
example, be achieved by explicitly listing all the files of the Work
near the copyright notice of each file or by using a line such as:

    % This work consists of all files listed in manifest.txt.

in that place. In the absence of an unequivocal list it might be
impossible for the licensee to determine what is considered by you to
comprise the Work and, in such a case, the licensee would be entitled
to make reasonable conjectures as to which files comprise the Work.